Diseases & Conditions
What is microphthalmia?
Micropthalmia, also known as nanophthalmia, is a birth defect that results in an abnormally small eye. It may occur in one or both eyes. Micropthalmia is often found in conjunction with other eye abnormalities such as cataracts and glaucoma. The effect on vision caused by micropthalmia ranges from little or no impairment to total blindness depending on the severity and nature of associated eye conditions.
What will microphthalmia look like in my dog?
The eye or eyes impacted by micropthalmia will appear small and sunken. Often, your dog’s third eyelid will appear larger than normal.
How does my dog get microphthalmia?
Most often micropthalmia is an inherited disorder. However, in rare cases it can result from a spontaneous genetic mutation.
How is microphthalmia diagnosed?
A physical examination can detect micropthalmia. It is usually apparent as soon as your puppy’s eyes are open. Further testing may be required to determine if any other eye conditions are present.
How is microphthalmia treated?
There is no treatment for micropthalmia.
How do you prevent microphthalmia?
Since it is an inherited condition, dogs with a family history of micropthalmia should not be bred nor should you acquire a dog with a family history of this condition.
Can I get microphthalmia from my dog?
No, you cannot contract microphthalmia from your dog.